What is crowdfunding

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Types of crowdfunding

Like other organizations, businesses can use crowdfunding to raise capital for their venture. When we define crowdfunding in business, we mostly think about startups, angel investments, and transactions outside of the traditional financial institutions. Put simply, crowdfunding for business presents a great opportunity for startups to source a large group of investors efficiently.

Crowdfunding opens early stage investment for innovative companies with diverse teams and a social mission, while also empowering the masses to not only actively fund the companies they believe in, but also benefit from that growth.

Popular Crowdfunding Websites


As of 2021, GoFundMe is the largest crowdfunding platform. Since GoFundMe was founded in 2010, the site has raised over $15 billion through more than 100 million donors. GoFundMe is the site most popular for individuals seeking to recover from a medical expense or disaster such as a house fire, natural disaster, or unexpected emergency expense. Start-up companies tend to use Kickstarter.


Kickstarter is another popular choice. As of May 29, 2022, since it was founded in 2009, Kickstarter has successfully funded over 220,000 projects, with more than $6.6 billion pledged across all Kickstarter projects.

Kickstarter is the most popular crowdfunding site for aspiring businesses hoping to raise capital and reach a larger audience. In fact, unlike GoFundMe, Kickstarter can only be used for creating projects that can be shared with others.

Additionally, Kickstarter cannot be used to raise funds to donate to a charity or cause, projects can’t offer incentives like equity, revenue sharing, or investment opportunities, nor can any project involve the site’s list of prohibited items such as “any item claiming to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent an illness or condition,” political fundraising, drugs or alcohol, or any contests, coupons, gambling, and raffles.


Indiegogo started as a crowdfunding site initially focused exclusively on raising money for independent films but began accepting projects from any category a year after its launch in 2008.

Indiegogo is seen as a less strict and more flexible platform than Kickstarter, as it gives backers control over whether they want fixed or flexible models—this is probably the most significant difference between the two crowdfunding platforms. Kickstarter releases funds only after the campaign has reached its funding goal, whereas Indiegogo allows the campaigner to receive funding pro-rata, or wait until their target is hit.

As a campaigner, it might be easier and less risky to go with flexible funding (i.e., receiving funds as they come); however, regardless of the amount raised, campaigners must still deliver on any promises made. For a backer, fixed funding is more attractive as it is associated with much less of a risk.

Crowdfunding FAQs

What is crowdfunding?

Crowdfunding involves collecting money from a group of donors in an effort to raise capital. Crowdfunding sources can include those who have an interest in your business: friends, family members, investment groups and personal investors. The goal is to attract a large group to your investment to raise the capital you need for your business venture. Crowdfunding typically occurs online through dedicated platforms.

Do you pay back crowdfunding?

Donation crowdfunding does not require the recipient to pay back the funds. This type is typically more geared to charities and nonprofits. Friends and family members are likely to not expect a return of their funds. Debt-based donations comprise money pledged by backers that is a loan, which you must repay with interest. With rewards-based crowdfunding, tangible items, like free products, are given to individuals who give money to help you start your business. You could structure your rewards based on the size of the donation. For equity crowdfunding, participants receive a financial reward for their investment by owning shares of your company.

What are the pros and cons of crowdfunding?

Key takeaway: If you don’t hit your funding goal, the crowdfunding platform usually returns the money to donors, though some sites let you keep the funds for a fee. Be aware of any processing and hosting expenses as well.

Bennett Conlin and Ryan Goodrich contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. Some source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.



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How Much Money Does an Average Teacher Make a Year?

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How Much Money Does an Average Teacher Make a Year?

How Much Money Does an Average Teacher Make a Year

College students considering an education career often wonder, “how much do teachers make?” Teacher salaries have become a hot topic since the nationwide Red for Ed strikes in 2018-19. Teachers have been notoriously paid low wages and underappreciated for decades. There’s a popular misconception that teachers have short workdays and ample vacation time. In reality, teachers devote many hours outside the six-hour school day to plan lessons and meet parents. Teachers are also responsible for equipping their classrooms with expensive school supplies. According to Education Week, U.S. residents feel teachers are underpaid by $7,500 on average. Teachers typically make less than college graduates in other professional industries. This article identifies the average teacher salary and explores the various factors that affect salaries for teachers.

Salaries for Teaching English in Colombia

There are several different teaching opportunities available for TEFL-certified teachers in Colombia. ESL (English as a second language) teachers who ultimately spend time teaching English in Colombia do so via one of the following avenues:

Your salary will fluctuate depending on which teaching route you choose to pursue. On average, English teachers in Colombia can expect to make anywhere between $500 – 800,050 USD per month from working at a language school with the option to earn additional income through private tutoring ($7-$10 USD per hour) and teaching English online ($5-$20 USD per hour).

1. Colombia Language School Salaries

Most jobs in Colombia are going to be found in the major cities such as Bogota, Medellin, Barranquilla, Cali, Cartagena, and Bucaramanga. Positions are typically teaching adult students or business professionals in private language schools and can sometimes be secured in advance of being in Colombia. However, teachers should expect to go in person to these schools to request an interview and acquire an ESL teaching job. Pay will fluctuate depending on where you are located, with teachers in larger cities like Bogota and Medellin earning more than those teaching in smaller cities and towns. English teachers working at language schools in Colombia can expect to make anywhere between $500 – 800,050 USD per month.

Colombia is also a Latin American country where teachers have the opportunity to obtain a work visa as some schools will help with the process. However, some schools are okay with their teachers working as freelancers and staying on their tourist visas. Obtaining a visa will really depend on the school that the teacher is working for.

Visa Options for Teaching English in Colombia

Tourist Visa for Teaching English in Colombia

Depending on the school you work for, you may be working on your tourist visa which is stamped in your passport upon entry into the country and is good for 90 days. Before the tourist visa expires, travelers can request another extension of 90 days at the Colombian Immigration Authority. After this, you will need to leave the country, visit a neighboring country, and return to Colombia to get a new tourist visa stamped in your passport every 90 days.

Work Visa for Teaching English in Colombia

While some employers will choose to have you teach on a tourist visa, it is also common for an employer to sponsor a work visa for you which is known as an M-5 visa. If your job is secured before heading to Colombia, it is possible to process the M-5 visa at the nearest Colombian Consulate in your home country. However, many teachers process their visa in Bogota at the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Office.

Once you receive your visa, you have roughly 15 days to register your visa with Migracion Colombia to get your Cedula (national identity card). These offices are located in major cities around Colombia. It is very important that you do this within the allotted 15 days or you could be fined. Having a Cedula enables you to open a bank account, get a cell phone plan, etc.

“M” Visas in Colombia are valid for 3 years. However, holders of this visa can only work for the position or profession with which the visa was granted. You cannot leave Colombia for longer than 6 consecutive months with the M visa or it will expire and lose validity.

How much do ESL teachers make in Colombia?

2. Colombia Private English Tutoring Salaries

Getting clients for private lessons is a marketing exercise, and all the avenues that seem appropriate to your circumstances have to be explored. Here are some ways you can market yourself:

How much money can I make private tutoring ESL students in Colombia?

As a private ESL tutor in Colombia, you should expect to charge and make around $7-10 USD (27,700 – 40,000 COP) per hour for one-on-one lessons (depending on where in Colombia you are based). While this may seem low, bear in mind that the average monthly salary amongst Colombian nationals tips the lower end of the scale, averaging roughly $400-500 USD per month, so your private tutoring rates needs to be in line with what they can afford to pay.

3. Colombia Teaching English Online Salaries

Like private ESL tutoring, teaching English online is an extremely popular way for teachers to make money. Many ESL teachers in Colombia teach online as their sole job and income, while others do it to supplement the income they earn from teaching at a language school or from private tutoring.

Teaching English online provides TEFL-certified teachers with the opportunity to make money from the comfort of their own home, with most teachers being able to make anywhere from $5-$20 USD per hour. Hours are flexible and it is up to you how much or how little you teach – you are in total control of your schedule.

Other Financial Incentives for Educators Teaching in Teacher Shortage Areas

While the subject and grade level in which you teach won’t play a huge part in how much money a teacher makes a year, in many school districts, you’ll earn an annual stipend, signing bonus, or even student loan repayment if you teach in a subject that’s been designated as a teacher shortage area. Teacher shortage areas may be in a particular teacher license field, an economic development region within the state, or a teacher license field within an economic development region.

The teacher shortage in the U.S. is reaching unprecedented heights. According to the Economic Policy Institute, there was a shortage of 110,000 teachers in the U.S. in 2018, and by 2025, this number could reach 200,000.

According to the U.S. Department of Education database of U.S. teacher shortages, 45 states and Washington D.C. experienced special education teacher shortages in the 2020-21 school year, either in specific grades/special education areas or statewide. School districts in low socio-economic areas are affected most by teacher shortages.

Teaching an approved teacher shortage subject and/or in high-needs area may allow you to take advantage of loan forgiveness programs available at the federal and state levels, which can ultimately have a large effect on understanding how much money teachers make.

At the federal level, the TEACH (Teacher Education Assistants for College and Higher Education) Grant Program provides grants of up to $4,000 per year for students who agree to teach in a high-need field (such as special education, math, and science) that serves students from low-income families.

The Teacher Forgiveness Program also provides up to $17,500 in loan repayment for teachers with Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Federal Stafford loans. To qualify, you must be employed full-time as a highly qualified teacher for five consecutive years at an elementary school, secondary school, or educational service agency serving low-income students.

Many states also offer loan repayment programs in teacher shortage or other high-demand areas. For example, Minnesota’s Teacher Shortage Loan Repayment Program pays up to 800,000 in annual loan repayment assistance (up to $5,000 total) to educators teaching in a statewide teaching shortage area. Check with your state’s education agency to learn more about tuition grants and loan repayment incentives available in your state.

At the local level, school districts may also offer specific financial incentives such as signing bonuses and annual stipends for teachers assuming or remaining in areas designated as teacher shortage areas.



Categories: Uncategorized

How to Answer the Question, How Do You Define Success? In an Interview

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how do you define success answer guide

How to Answer the Question, ‘How Do You Define Success?’ In an Interview

In a job interview, you can expect some common questions from the hiring manager, regardless of the position for which you’re applying and the industry in which you work. One such question relates to how you define success. Often, hiring managers want to know what you see as personal, team, and organizational success to evaluate your suitability as a candidate for the company. Learn more about why employers ask this question, review steps for crafting an answer, consider example responses, and read about what not to say.

Asking about your definition of success is a popular tactic for employers and hiring managers because your answer to this open-ended question gives your potential employer important information about your priorities, personal work philosophy, and expectations.

Your answer could reflect what you think are the most important aspects of the position. For example, if you say success is seeing everyone on the team succeed, you’re telling the hiring manager that you value teamwork and communication.

You can also communicate your personal philosophy on your work to the hiring manager with your answer. For example, if you mention how important it is to complete every task by the set deadline, the hiring manager will see you hold yourself to high expectations when it comes to timeliness.

Finally, the hiring manager might be able to see what your expectations for the position are based on your response. If you say your definition of success in this role would be closing at least five new sales a month, the hiring manager gets a sense of what you expect the position to look like.

Sample Answers to “How Do You Define Success?”

Example Answer 1:

I define success as challenging myself, growing, and learning.

I also look at success in terms of how much I’m helping my team and company.

I don’t think you can have a good definition of success without looking at the results you achieve with your team.

Yet, I think it’s also a mistake to look only at results. I wouldn’t consider myself successful in my work if I weren’t improving, advancing to higher levels of work, analyzing mistakes to turn them into learning opportunities, etc.

Example Answer 2:

My definition of success is putting forth a consistent effort and working to get the best possible outcome in any situation. For me, success starts with my work ethic. When I look back and analyze my past work, I evaluate success based on whether I made the best of the situation.

Of course, I also recognize that there are more objective ways to define success in most roles, and I do track my work metrics and progress carefully. For example, in my last role, I tracked my performance among other sales staff, and relative to our team goals, to ensure I was contributing more than what was expected of me. This approach worked well to keep me motivated and accountable, and in the past year, I achieved more than 145% of my individual sales quota.

Example Answer 3:

I define success by looking at my effort and the overall outcome of a situation. I try to maintain a strong work ethic and approach each project and task with great effort and a positive attitude.

And I like to review the results of my work to look for ways to improve or make an even larger positive impact in the future.

I think that’s one way that any project can be successful — if you’re able to look back and learn a lot from it.

This definition of success has helped me be a consistent worker and steadily improve throughout my career.

I noticed in your job description that your company values professional development and learning on the job, so I was excited that the company’s vision seems to match up well with how I approach professional goals and how I define success.

Example Answer 4:

To me, success means giving my best effort to each task I’m working on, and also striving to learn and improve steadily.

I’ve taken this approach in my personal life, such as in sports, as well as in previous jobs.

I also think that success means being patient and planning for the long-term. Professional success takes time, and so it’s important to bring a high level of effort every day, not just the days when you feel like it.

To me, being a successful person means being someone my team can count on for that consistent effort.

And success means that I can look back after each month and year and see that I’ve improved, too.

Example Answer 5:

In a leadership position like the role I’ve applied for here, I think that success relates to the growth and performance of the team. Success should always be looked at as a team effort to some extent.

If my team isn’t producing great work, growing, bonding, and feeling positive, then I’m not succeeding as a manager.

When I reviewed your job posting, it seemed like teamwork and collaboration are some of your company’s top values, so I was excited to learn more about what you look for in the leaders you hire.

An Effective Answer Sample

Keep in mind that you should never learn by heart something that you found on the internet. Use it for cues, personalize it with your own story, and always be as natural and authentic as possible.

“To me, success can be defined in many ways depending on if you mean my career or my private life. In terms of my professional career, I would consider myself successful every time I am given the chance to work in a company that shares my values and goals.

Through my research, I’ve found out that your mission is to positively impact the world by accelerating our transition to sustainable energy. This is a significant undertaking for me, and I would be proud to help you succeed in that goal.

While I was working at [company name], I created a cost-benefit analysis that convinced my employer to switch from a standard energy source to a more sustainable option. This reduced our CO2 emissions by 60% in the first year while cutting electricity costs in half. I want to be part of similar successes with your company.”

Want More Support?

Start by considering the type of position you’re applying for and know what to expect based on that. Interviewing for a hostess job? Read about Hostess Interview Questions. Interviewing for a Cook position? Read all common Cook Interview Questions here. Also, check out our in-depth guidance in Answering Tell Me About Yourself in Interview, responding to Why Do You Want to Work Here? and the dreaded, Why We Should Hire You!

Guess what? We’ve also got a database full of common interview questions per US company chain! So, check out Dairy Queen Interview Questions, PetSmart Interview Questions, Dominos Pizza Interview Questions, Levi Strauss Interview Questions, Disney Store Interview Questions, and many, many more! Or type your dream company in our search box and check!



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The 12 Best Blogging Platforms for 2022 (& How to Pick One)

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With Craft’s personalized content modeling, powerful templating, and option to edit your source code, you can completely control the appearance and functionality of your site — if you have the necessary experience.

best blogging platforms: WordPress

The 12 Best Blogging Platforms for 2022 (& How to Pick One)

Business owner evaluating best blogging platforms of 2021

This isn’t surprising. Whether you’re interested in blogging for your business or as a hobby, publishing blog content offers many benefits. Blogging not only helps you establish authority in an industry — it also drives traffic to your website and enables you to better convert that traffic into leads.

To reap the rewards of blogging, we’ll walk through the process of choosing the right platform for your needs and goals. Then we’ll explore some of the best blogging platforms that can help if you’re looking to add a blog to your business site or to create a stand-alone blog.

Build your website with HubSpot

16 Top Tips from Blogging Experts for Beginners

I’ve heard blogging referred to a couple of times recently as a mixture between an art and a science. If this is true (and I think it is), there’s no ‘right way’ to approach blogging if you want to be successful. There are plenty of people who’ve done a great job of it though, and I thought it would be useful to learn from them.

This can be a great way to gather ideas of what topics people would most like to read about, which will help your blog grow! One of the best ways I’ve seen this in action is through blog comments or Tweets. In one example, here on FastCompany a lot of people requested a post that features more women entrepreneurs:

blogging advice - screenshot

blogging advice - fastco screenshot

A great technique for doing this is to simply ask your readers first on Twitter, Facebook or LinkedIn with an engaging quote. If people respond well to it, than this is probably a great topic to write about. An example for this comes from Andrew Chen who famously “tests” his blogpost ideas on Twitter first.

blogging advice - tweet

Yes, since I’ve been writing for myself, I’ve found that I write more and I publish more often. I think though that the main reason for that is that I don’t decide whether to publishing something based on the traction / reception that the post will receive within my audience; instead if I want to publish something, I do so. For myself.

Start building your email list from day one. Even if you don’t plan on selling anything, having an email list allows you to promote your new content to your audience directly without worrying about search rankings, Facebook EdgeRank, or other online roadblocks in communications.

When you’re asking readers to sign up for your email list, you might want to try experimenting with different language. Willy Franzen found that his subscription rate jumped 254% higher when he changed his call-to-action from “subscribe by email” to “get jobs by email”:

blogging advice - subscription rate

Love the readers you already have. A lot of bloggers get quite obsessed with finding new readers – to the point that they ignore the ones they already have. Yes – do try to find new readers but spend time each day showing your current readers that you value them too and you’ll find that they will help you grow your blog.

A blog is really two things. One, simply a piece of technology, a platform. But, two, it is a promise in the minds of most readers, who expect that the blog should have actual content with some elements of value that is hyper-targeted to their needs. Much like with a newspaper. Readers don’t just look at a newspaper as newsprint that is delivered on their driveway every morning. They look at it as valuable information about their city, where they live, and the things that they do.

I screwed up for years. I’d blog and blog. Some of my posts were doing very well on places like Hacker News, but I had such hard time getting return visitors. And very few people bothered to follow me on Twitter.

Finish your blog post with some kind of call to action to signup for an email list or follow you on Twitter. When I started doing this, I immediately increased my Twitter followers by 335% in the first 7 days.

blogging advice - nate screenshot

blogging advice - buffer ss2

blogging advice - buffer ss

Give stuff away

blogging advice - contest

blogging advice - subscriber growth

Don’t be afraid to showcase what you know. Too many bloggers hold back the good stuff out of fear of giving away the “secret sauce.” There is no secret sauce in a world where everyone has high speed Internet access at all times. Today, you want to give away information snacks to sell knowledge meals.

Jay’s advice is to share the knowledge you have, rather than keeping it tucked away for a rainy day. Chris Guillebeau follows this advice by offering two free, downloadable PDFs to his readers. Chris also does what Jay calls giving away “information snacks to sell knowledge meals.” On both of the free PDF download pages, Chris markets his book on the right-hand side.

blogging advice - cg

Plan to invest in blogging for a long time before you see a return. The web is a big, noisy place and unless you’re willing to invest more over a greater period of time than others, you’ll find success nearly impossible. If you’re seeking short-term ROI, or a quick path to recognition, blogging is the wrong path. But if you can stick it out for years without results and constantly learn, iterate, and improve, you can achieve something remarkable.

If you’re blogging to create a business, a movement, or to support a cause, then you need to build an email list. It’s not an option. I don’t even consider my blog to be my community, my email list is my community. Caring about these people, writing for them, and delivering value to them should be your number one goal.

When the New York Public Library focused on growing email subscription rates, this simple home page design with information about what readers could expect to receive boosted numbers by 52.8% over a more complicated version with less information about the actual newsletter:

blogging advice - nypl

No matter how great your content is, it won’t matter unless you have an amazing headline. People have a split second to decide if they should click on your post, and your headline will make them decide. The headline is also essential in making it easy and desirable for people to share your post. Keep your headlines SPUB: simple, powerful, useful and bold.

blogging advice - headlines

There isn’t one specific set of rules to be successful in blogging. When I started blogging, I had the opportunity to learn from experienced and successful bloggers in the industry. One of the best lessons I’ve learned from them is to simply be me. I didn’t have to be too “professional” or use “big words” to impress others. I had to simply be me.

By being me, I enjoyed writing and the process more. It had me writing more than I usually would too. If you look at the the most successful writers like Seth Godin and Chris Brogan you’ll notice that they are different and unique in their own ways.

blogging advice - chartbeat graph

One thing I always try to keep in mind before publishing a post is would anyone want to “cite” this for any reason? Just like interesting research is great because it leaves you with a fascinating finding or an idea, I like for my posts to be the same. That doesn’t mean relying on research, but simply making sure each post has an original lesson or actionable item, making it “citable” on the web.

It’s an extremely simple proposition. Yet, it has changed my writing completely. If I put myself into a reader’s head going through a post and seeing whether someone will say “Oh, this is interesting, John will really like this”, then I go ahead and publish it. It’s almost like an invisible threshold to pass. I need to improve the post until this level is reached. I will iterate, find more research, get more examples, until I can truly imagine this happening.

FAQ about How to Make Money Blogging

Do bloggers make money?

Starting a blog from scratch is just as difficult as starting a small business. For example, it requires the same time and effort as starting your own restaurant, software company, or accounting service. Yes, those businesses are wildly different, but the first few years are usually the same story: low income, lots of stress, big learning curve.

If you want a more concrete answer than that, we’ve found it takes even our smartest, most dedicated students 3-6 years to make enough money from blogging to quit their jobs. And that sounds like a long time, but so what? 3-6 years to be able to work from anywhere in the world, take a vacation whenever you want, and probably have passive income until the day you die?

How much money can you make from blogging?

And it’s not because there’s no money in it. This blog makes more than 800 million per year, for God sakes, and it’s nowhere close to the most profitable blog out there. Blogs like The Penny Hoarder, Moz, and Lifehacker power businesses worth hundreds of millions of dollars.

Penny Hoarder - Affiliate Marketing

How do you make money blogging? (Or, How do bloggers make money?)

How do you start your own blog for free?

Free Blogging on Medium

Once people start sharing your great, informative posts, and you begin to understand how everything works, then you can go through the trouble of setting up your own site, installing WordPress, and all that jazz. Until then though, it’s just a headache you don’t need.

What are the most popular blogging platforms?

What are the top blogs about how to make money blogging?

I’d like to think Smart Blogger is the best (and most comprehensive) site on the topic, but it’s by no means the only one. Not all of these talk about how to make money blogging, but together, they give you a solid foundation:



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Job description

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The Job Title is a brief description (1-4 words) of the job which reflects the content, purpose, and scope of the job and is consistent with other job titles of similar roles within Wright State University (University).

photo of students outside on campus

700+ job description templates

Better job descriptions attract better candidates. Optimized for job board approval and SEO, our 700+ job description templates boost exposure, provide inspiration and speed up hiring. Rich in the right kind of content, they also lead to more qualified applicants.

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What are some examples of a job description format?

There is far more to job description formats than what meets the eye. With a wide range of different formats and descriptions out there, it can be helpful to familiarize yourself with some of the more popular types of job description templates.

The ideal formatting of a job description template depends on the type of job being advertised. For example, if a company is looking to hire a transportation or delivery driver, the template will look considerably different from one designed for a human resources manager.

The aim of a written job description is to shed light on specific job requirements and day-to-day expectations that naturally shift depending on the available position. In order to help you gain a better understanding of what job description formats should look like, here are some examples to get you started.

Job description format for managerial positions

This product manager job description format includes an outline of the strategies, role requirements, and daily responsibilities of the new product manager. It details that applicants should have experience with product strategy, display leadership skills, and be able to manage teams effectively.

Job description template for product manager positions

Job description format for customer service representatives

Because this customer service representative document is advertising a job that requires less experience and education, it follows a slightly more generic format. There’s also a stronger focus on highlighting benefits and driving action, since customer service teams typically struggle with high turnover.

Job description template for customer service reps


Job description

A job description is an internal document that explains the company’s job position. It contains the details about the role and responsibilities and it is written in a formal tone. A job posting, on the other hand, is an advertisement for the open job description. It is a report meant for external use, to attract and grab the attention of the candidates.



3. Be specific. Cookie cutter descriptions aren’t great at giving candidates a real sense of the role and your company. Give your JD a personal touch by spelling out distinct responsibilities.

5. Be transparent. If this role entails long hours and hard work, say so. In doing that, you’ll weed out people that don’t fit the bill—and you won’t be wasting anyone’s time. And always quantify the experience level necessary.

7. Keep it short. It can be a turn-off to see a wall of text in a job description. Say what you need to, and stop. Outline the specific requirements you’re looking for that are mandatory, not a laundry list, which can intimidate and discourage even the best candidates.

9. Don’t forget perks. Include any benefits or perks of the job, like 401(k), flextime, profit sharing, stock options, etc., but don’t focus on these too much or you might attract the wrong audience.

How To Write A Job Description

Great job descriptions are thorough yet concise. They use specific terms and keep a professional tone. It’s ok to be a little quirky, but don’t overdo it. If you don’t take the job description seriously, top candidates will move on to other opportunities.

Job Title

Make the job title clear and concise. People will be searching terms they know, so don’t stray from the standard industry language of common job titles. Be sure to include specific terms, like the programs required for the role. The title Lead Front End AngularJS Engineer is much more descriptive than Developer and will attract more qualified candidates.

Company Mission

Most companies have a lengthy mission statement with core values and a culture code. Slim that down to about two to four sentences. For candidates looking at multiple companies and open roles, the missions start to sound the same, and they can read about the company’s full profile on the website if they decide to pursue the position.

Role Summary

Job Function

Must-Have Skills

Nice-to-Have Skills

If there are any other qualities that are nice to have, include those here. Don’t feel like you have to include this section, but it may help candidates know what to include in the application or interview to stand out.


61% of job seekers consider compensation information to be the most important part of a job description. Many companies still refuse to provide this information in job descriptions, but it’s time to get over your discomfort.


It’s best to be upfront about the time frame you need employees to work. Flexible work hours are more common for full time employees, time zones may play a role, and certain industries and markets work around different schedules.


Candidates will consider commute time or relocation efforts in their employment decision, so help them determine fit before they embark on the application process. Embedding a Google Map onto your website is really quite simple and can be done with this guide.

Working Conditions

Call To Action

Make sure it is blatantly obvious where a candidate is supposed to apply. Do not make it complicated or frustrating to apply because that’s just going to reduce your applicant pool for the wrong reasons.

Disclaimer Statements

Most companies include an equal opportunity employer statement and that the employee may be required to perform additional job functions beyond the description. Do your research because disclaimers can help companies prevent messy lawsuits.

Drawbacks of Job Description

1. Not position-specific

Often companies try to write one employee job description to cover all workers doing essentially the same kind of work. But such an approach may miss vital, though subtle differences. For example, different department heads in an organization may have essentially the same types of major responsibilities, but specific duties, time spent on various areas, and task priorities may differ substantially from one manager to the next. One department manager may be loaded with routine and planned work, while others spend more time with spontaneous execution and troubleshooting. Job descriptions should reflect the unique character of each position and not attempt to cover too many different positions. If this is not done the JD does not accurately reflect the actual work design.

2. Being descriptive rather than prescriptive

Job descriptions are frequently prepared after the fact–after the work is designed–and are prepared largely with data submitted from the incumbent. The result: a picture of what is, rather than what should be. Managers at all levels must get involved in job description preparation to control design and to assure that the work done is what is in the best interest of the organization. Employee JDs should prescribe what ought to happen. Periodic performance reviews should compare what does happen with what ought to, and should lead to adjustments when discrepancies are found. Too often companies let jobs evolve into "products of the incumbent"-jobs compatible with incumbent interests rather than with organizational interests.

3. Mixed with performance standards, person specs, and/or rules and regulations

Many so-called employee job descriptions attempt to incorporate performance-level expectations–quantity, quality, timeliness, and cost criteria–with defined standards of performance. Some companies have adopted these results-oriented descriptions in an attempt to improve the value of their job descriptions. But performance criteria–ways of measuring-a-re not part of the design of the job and are, therefore, best left for a separate performance evaluation instrument–perhaps attached to the job description but distinct from it.

4. Often rules and regulations get mixed in with duty statements

Statements like "Avoids carrying two acid-filled beakers at once" or "Wears hard hat when doing warehouse stacking" are not really statements of work to be done. However, a statement like "Checks floor daily to assure not slippery," may be a legitimate duty statement. Admittedly, it can be difficult to show the appropriate line between what should go in the JD and what would be better left for a separate document.

5. Temporary work gets left out

Most jobs will have temporary assignments built in from time to time. Special projects, committee assignments, and one-time tasks, for example, may have to be delegated to employees. Any duty planned in advance for execution over a year or less duration should go in the job description in a special Temporary Assignment section. It is a fully legitimate part of the design of the job and should be acknowledged as such. Not acknowledging such work (which is a frequent occurrence) leads to flaws in end-of-year performance evaluation, work load assessments, and so on. A good practice is to add each year–perhaps during the performance review–a Temporary Assignment section to the job description. This section makes it a dynamic document. Recognizing how essential temporary activity engagement is and accepting the practice of acknowledging it in the job description stimulates that all-important periodic review of the job description.

6. Does not show how non-task time is spent

If you add up the time percentages associated with duty statements in many job descriptions, you should get to 100 percent. This, you know, cannot be right. No worker ever spent 100 percent of his or her on-the-job day doing work. Managers and operative employees are idle waiting for delays, taking breaks, socializing at work, and engaging in semi-work activities such as in-plant or out-of-plant travel. Employee Job descriptions should recognize how one’s time is truly spent by indicating time allotment to these non-work and semi-work engagements. In some jobs these are significant time-consuming categories. Failure to acknowledge them in the job description highly misrepresents the design of the work.

Benefits of Job Description

1. Better recruitment

Well-crafted job descriptions serve as communication tools that allow both the employees and the applicants to clearly understand the expectations of the roles and responsibilities, the essential duties, and the required capabilities, educational qualifications, and experience apt for the role. By doing this well, it can improve both internal and external recruitment and can also retain and motivate the best talent by setting the seal on employee expectations and ensuring that they are aligned with business expectations of what the role entails.

2. Better compensation data

While direct compensation probably should not be on the job description but the JD should probably allow one to do research to determine the market value of the given role. If done well, the employee job description will help HR assess where the job falls within any existing pay structures so that inequity or compression issues when filling the role is not created.

3. People planning

People planning is critical and essential to the company’s business plan. In order to execute and measure success of the missions and goals for the organization the following people components are essential:

b. Job descriptions can note the role and responsibilities required for the position within the organization and the future career roadmap so that recruitment is forward-looking for the future roles. Hiring managers can later consider the candidate fit for not just the current vacancy, but also consider the if the candidate is fit for future advancement.


Job description

If you’re passions are to be an Dietary Aide, Nutrition Assistant or Aerobics Instructor make sure to take a look at JobHero’s job description for these job titles to get an indepth look at the current relevant core skills.


What to include in your job description

A good job description goes deeper than a typical list of skills, tasks and role requirements. To attract the best applicants to your position, give them a feel for your company culture, said Jean Cook, former business coach for The Alternative Board.

“They want to understand your products and what you stand for,” she said. “Your ad needs to tell them that. The first few sentences need to capture the candidate’s attention. Like any effective sales pitch, make it about them and their interests.”

Jaynine Howard, founder and career strategist at JJ Howard & Associates, recommends being upfront about salary in a job description. Many applicants will turn down an offer at the last minute after being informed of the pay, she added. Clearing this up from the start will prevent you and your applicants from wasting time.

Michael Lan, senior resume consultant at Resume Writer Direct, recommends including application directions that contain a specific call to action. Whether it’s to email a specific person, leave a phone message or include a code word in their cover letter, asking applicants to do something extra can help you quickly narrow down your interview pool.

A clear call to action like this “serves as a built-in screening process, as you will be able to weed out applicants who are not able to follow directions and demonstrate a clear lack of attention to detail,” Lan said.

Key takeaway: Think of your job listings as sales pitches – the job applicant is buying into a job with your business. As with any elevator pitch, clear facts and a powerful call to action are key.

20 most popular job description examples

We’ve compiled a list of over 200 customizable job description examples and templates, but here are the most popular 20 for any growing businesses.Want quick access to your favorite job description examples? Use the list below and click on the role you’re looking for to skip to the description

1. Strategy manager

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

2. Business development consultant

Job description

  • Develop business with the assigned accounts.
  • Create strategic development plans, including active sales pipeline and implementation, to build new profitable business.
  • Track and report progress with implementation of strategic plan, customer budgets, and ongoing forecasts.
  • Train business development team regarding different phases of the sales cycle and meeting projects’ goals.
  • Perform analysis to determine opportunities in the market.
  • Assess the profitability of existing products and service offerings.
  • Improve existing business by increasing profitability and customer satisfaction
  • Manage business deals from negotiation to close.
  • Monitor contracts implementation from contract performance, customer payment terms, to delivery terms.
  • Build and maintain long-lasting customer relationships.

Job benefits:

Job requirements

3. Recruitment manager

Job description

  • Develop and implement recruitment strategies, tactics, funnels, and procedures.
  • Communicate recruitment goals and objectives with recruiters.
  • Train recruiters to perform resume searches on external databases (e.g., Monster, Careerbuilder).
  • Maintain the internal candidate database (e.g. updating contact information, candidates’ geographical locations, and availability for new work).
  • Communicate with the team to determine the effectiveness of recruitment plans.
  • Research and recommend new sources for the recruitment of active and passive candidates.
  • Build networks to find qualified candidates.
  • Review applicants to evaluate their qualifications and whether they meet the position requirements.
  • Prepare weekly reports for clients to show tasks in progress, the number of candidates searched, and the number of qualified candidates found.
  • Proofread job descriptions and other related materials.

Job benefits:

Job requirements

4. Sourcing manager

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

5. Associate consultant

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

6. Management consultant

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

7. General manager

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

8. Event manager

Job description

  • Oversee the coordination of event marketing and planning efforts.
  • Develop relationships with clientele and corporations who can provide event space and supplies.
  • Determine a customized marketing strategy for each event.
  • Use a creative eye to decide the decoration for spaces, flyers, palm cards, and other materials.
  • Negotiate with vendors to decrease event costs.
  • Facilitate take-away meetings with Event Planning team to develop best practices and examine any problems.
  • Define the event attendee value proposition to pinpoint ticket prices.
  • Report overall event costs to the management team.
  • Propose ideas and changes for new events to attract attendees and increase attendee value.
  • Use a Customer Relationship Database to manage client/attendee/customer contact information.

Job benefits:

Job requirements

9. Program coordinator

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

10. SEO manager

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

11. Legal counsel

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

12. Data protection officer

Job description

Job benefits:

Job requirements

13. Android developer

Job description

  • Manage the full technical life-cycle of Android applications during each development phase.
  • Collaborate with team members to brainstorm about new products, provide each other with technical insight and review working drafts.
  • Document and maintain design specifications, source code, and archives for new applications and ideas.
  • Work with product managers, clients and sales teams to assess customer demand and usability of new applications.
  • Perform individual project components within the entire development lifecycle including implementation, testing, deployment and maintenance.
  • Work from UI/UX requirements, APIs, mockups to build functional, high-performance Android phone and tablet apps.
  • Diagnose performance issues, fix bugs to increase the functionality of new applications.
  • Understand the nuances of fragments and Android XML layouts, and how to create adaptive interfaces that work for multiple device form factors.
  • Obtain buy-in from leadership in order to secure resources for app development.



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How Long Should Your Resume Be in 2021 (Expert Advice)

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Let’s take the example of Jane from above. She now has about 10 years of professional experience, including working at an ad agency, followed by a few years as a brand manager, then leading an in-house marketing team. Now she’s applying to a position as a creative director for an agency. Each of her three previous roles is relevant and going to have some weighty experiences and distinct accomplishments she can dig into. Maybe she’s also served on a board or done some volunteer work in her community. When you add her academic background to this list, it’s clear that one page won’t do her justice.

Hobbies and Interests Resume Example

How Long Should Your Resume Actually Be? Here’s an Easy Guide to Follow

Between my experience as a career coach and running a college career services department, this is a question I’ve heard a lot. And as a recruiter, I’ve seen resumes that run the gamut in terms of scope—from a simple Word document with just a few lines to a full-on multimedia package including video and audio.

Many people will say that a resume ought to be a single page—that this is an incontrovertible fact of resume writing. But the reality is more nuanced than that. There’s no single correct answer because it’s entirely dependent upon your experience, background, and the types of roles you’re applying for right now.

It’s a dated myth that you have to stick to one page no matter how many years of experience you have or what the situation is. Conversely, there’s absolutely no reason you need a resume that is pages upon pages long, detailing every single experience you’ve ever had. Like a lot of things, the truth is somewhere in the middle.

When should your resume be one page?

Why your resume should be one page

Your resume can safely stick to one page if that is all you need to market yourself. One page resumes can be scanned over quickly by the human eye, so a one-page resume could appeal to in-person scenarios like job fairs and networking events.

If you have a two-page resume with no work experience, it probably contains filler words and information that isn’t relevant to your current job application. Cut your resume down to one page by tailoring your resume to your relevant experience.

If you’re making a career change, your past experience is unlikely to be fully relevant to the new job target. Try to lead with your transferable skills and abilities if you’re in this position, rather than experience. A functional resume format may be better for you.

The same goes for recent grads. Odds are that you don’t have two pages of relevant experience. However, some graduates have multiple internships, volunteer work, on-campus activities, or publications that belong on a resume. If you just graduated, read more about how to search for a job as a recent graduate.

How to make your resume fit the appropriate page length

In order to help you meet these resume-length tips, limit the amount of experience you include to the last 15 years and tailor your resume to a 15-year window. Employers care most about the recent work you’ve been doing and how it ties back to their role’s requirements, so place the emphasis of your resume on your current and relevant experience.

Include a “Career Note” in a senior-level resume

This format gives you some flexibility, as you may decide to summarize a few very similar roles into a short blurb to keep your resume length under two pages. For instance, you may say that your earlier experience includes “. executive assistant work for companies including Company A, Company B, and Company C.” If you worked with some name-drop worthy clients, you have the ability to work those details into a blurb like this as well. However, the rule of thumb is to keep this note short and sweet, so eliminate unnecessary details such as employment dates.

Create an “Earlier Work History” section for a senior-level resume

If you have 20+ years of experience or changed jobs frequently at the beginning of your career, you may need more than a one-liner to cover the work experience. An alternative is to add an “Earlier Career History” section at the bottom of your professional experience that lists the job title, company name, and location of each role.

Experiment with different format techniques to meet the appropriate resume length

There are a number of additional resume-length tips and tricks professional resume writers use to help their clients meet these length restrictions. If you’re having trouble making your resume fit within a specific number of pages, try messing with the font size, the spacing between paragraphs, and the margins. When experimenting with different design elements, make sure it’s still easy for a reader to quickly scan the resume and identify the most important selling points.

Font Size: Depending on the font style you choose, you can usually shrink its size down to 10 or 10.5 points without turning your resume into a frustrating eye chart for the reader. Headers can similarly be reduced to 13 or 15 points without looking bad.

Font Styles: Fonts such as Calibri, Calibri Light, Trebuchet MS, and Arial Narrow tend to take up less space than Times New Roman, Verdana, and Arial. By switching your resume over to a different font, you may be able to gain the extra space you need.

Spacing and Margins: Experiment with the overall spacing of your resume. You can decrease the margins of your resume down to 0.5 of an inch and reduce the spacing between different sections of your resume by 0.5 to 1 point without losing the document’s white space.

Eliminations: If you’re still listing your references or a note such as “References available upon request” at the bottom of your document, it’s time to stop. This information is unnecessary and taking up precious resume real estate. Similarly, there’s no need to list your street address at the top of your resume. If you’re searching for a position in your current location and want employers to know you’re a local candidate, include your city and state. However, leave your street address off to protect yourself from potential identity theft and free up another line of text.



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Genius Cover Letter Openers Recruiters Will LOVE

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I was excited to hear about the open position of social media manager at StarWon from an ex-colleague of mine, Jennifer Henderson. We were on the same social media team at Turbofun for two years, where we worked on eight projects together. I’ve heard great things about the work being done at StarWon, and I’m confident that my skills and experience would be an excellent asset to your team.

Cover letters

Cover letters add context to your CV and allow you to sell your skills and experience to potential employers. To make the best of this opportunity discover how to write a cover letter and take a look at our examples for inspiration

A cover letter is a document sent alongside your CV when applying for jobs. It acts as a personal introduction and helps to sell your application. A cover letter is necessary as it gives you the chance to explain to an employer why you’re the best candidate for the job. You do this by highlighting relevant skills and experience; therefore you should always write your cover letter with the position you’re applying for in mind.

Not to be confused with personal statements for your CV, cover letters should complement your CV but not duplicate it. The general consensus among recruiters when it comes to the length of these documents is the shorter the better. Typically three to five short paragraphs, cover letters should not exceed one A4 page.

How to write a cover letter

Before writing your cover letter it’s important that you do your research. While reading the job description thoroughly is essential, it’s often not enough. To help you craft a successful cover letter discover more about:

  • First paragraph – The opening statement should set out why you’re writing the letter. Begin by stating the position you’re applying for, where you saw it advertised and when you are available to start.
  • Second paragraph – Highlight relevant experience and demonstrate how your skills match the specific requirements of the job description. Summarise any additional strengths and explain how these could benefit the company.
  • Third paragraph – Cover why you’re suitable for the job, what attracted you to this type of work, why you’re interested in working for the company and what you can offer the organisation. This is a good opportunity to show off your knowledge of the company.
  • Last paragraph – Use the closing paragraph to round up your letter. Reiterate your interest in the role and indicate your desire for a personal interview. Now is the time to mention any unavailable dates.

Once finished read through the document and cut out any unnecessary words and sentences. Don’t fill up space by repeating what’s already covered in your CV. As a general rule only mention your current salary or salary expectations if the employer has specifically asked you to do so in the job description. If you’re asked to include this information put it between the third and last paragraphs.

Unless the job advert states differently (for example, it may ask you to provide your CV and cover letter as a Word document) save with a .PDF file extension to make sure it can be opened and read on any machine. Windows PCs and Macs don’t always work in harmony – Windows use a .docx file extension and Macs .pages but if the recruiter uses the opposite system they may not be able to open your file. Using a .PDF file extension should solve this.

Start with passion

Employers want to hire people who care about what they’re doing. If you start your cover letter off talking about your passions and how they relate to the job, you’re telling the reader that you’ll be an engaged and motivated employee who’s likely to stick around. Plus, it’s a good way to tell the company a bit about who you are as a person right off the bat. Just be honest and realistic.

  • If truly loving data is wrong, I don’t want to be right. It seems like the rest of the folks at [Analytics Company] feel the same way—and that’s just one of the reasons why I think I’d be the perfect next hire for your sales team.
  • I’ve been giving my friends and family free style advice since I was 10, and recently decided it’s time I get paid for it. That’s why I couldn’t believe it when I found an open personal stylist position at [Company].
  • After about three years of trying out different roles at early-stage startups around San Francisco, watching more “find your passion“ keynotes than I’d like to admit, and assuring my parents that, yes, I actually do have a real job, I’m starting to come to terms with the fact that I’m happiest when I’m doing two things: writing great content and getting it out into the world.
  • The other day, I took a career assessment, which told me I should be a maritime merchant. I’m not quite sure what that is, but it did get me thinking: A role that combines my skills in business development with my lifelong passion for the ocean would be my absolute dream. Which is how I found this role at Royal Caribbean.
  • As a kid, I once gave up a day of a family vacation to transport an injured lizard I found by our hotel two hours each way to the nearest animal hospital (and talked my dad into driving me pre-GPS!). When I was a bit older, I found out I could care for animals every day for a living, and I’ve been working toward that goal ever since.
  • “I am constantly checking my LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram feeds—and not because of FOMO. Because I’m someone who wholeheartedly believes in the power of sharing ideas in online communal spaces, and I’m positive that I can help spark meaningful conversations as your next social media assistant.”
  • When I was growing up, I wanted to be one of those people who pretend to be statues on the street. Thankfully, my career goals have become a little more aspirational over the years, but I still love to draw a crowd and entertain the masses—passions that make me the perfect community manager.

Cover letter opening template

If you’re still not sure how to start your cover letter, below is a text template you can copy and paste into a document. Once you’ve got your cover letter opening down, don’t forget to pay attention to the rest of your cover letter format.

Address: Street, City, State, Zip Code | Email: [email protected] | Phone: (303) 456-7876 | LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/your.profile

I was excited to see the [Position Name] listing at [Company Name] on [Job Search Platform]. Given my [relevant experience] and expertise in [area of expertise], I am writing to express my interest in the position, as I have long admired [Company Name]’s efforts to [company goal]. In my previous work at [Company Name], I [professional accomplishment], demonstrating keen [relevant hard or soft skills]. I believe that these experiences have prepared me well to [professional achievement goal] at [Company Name].

Written by Corissa Peterson

Principles to Remember

Case Study: Demonstrate an understanding of what the company needs.

Michele Sommers, the vice president of HR for the Boys & Girls Village, a nonprofit in Connecticut, recently posted a job for a recruiting and training specialist. “I was looking for someone with a strong recruiting background who could do everything from sourcing candidates to onboarding new hires,” she says. She also wanted the person to hit the ground running. “We’re a small team and I can’t afford to train someone,” she says.

More than 100 candidates applied for the job. The organization’s online application system doesn’t allow for cover letter attachments, but one of the applicants, Heidi (not her real name), sent a follow-up email after submitting her résumé. “And it’s a good thing she did, because she would’ve been weeded out otherwise,” Michele says.



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How to Write a Superb Essay

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Are you a college learner? Moreover, are you anxious about acing that narrative essay? If so, then it is time you consider working with a content writing agency. Remember, the perfect consultant not only delivers work fast but also ensures you get quality and value.

Besides, the agent strives to see you succeed. That settled, hiring an online writer is one of the best decisions you can make in life. However, do you know that you can borrow a few techniques from the experts? Well, the gurus are never shy about sharing information. In actuality, you will learn

  1. To Write Papers For Money By Crafting The Perfect Headlines

Do you want to create a best seller? Then it is time you considered finding the right topic for your work. However, how do you achieve the above?

It is simple. All you must do is identify a knowledge gap. You can then brainstorm and craft that killer headline from scratch. However, keep it exciting to attract leads.

  • How to Format Your Work Like a Professional

Excellence requires a lot of commitment, but most importantly, you need the right skills for the job. Depending on the paper you are working professional article writers teach you how to format your work. You can then fill in the blanks in each section and deliver the work on time.

  • To Research 

A narrative essay must be highly accurate. That said, you must gather the right information for your piece. And that is only possible when you hone your research skills.

When writing a narrative essay structure, extensive research from credible sources of information, as well as consulting expert writers is fundamental. They even teach you how to compile the data collected from different sources. In short, the pros thrive because of the time and energy they dedicate to research. 

  • To Work Under Pressure

Studying in any institution of higher learning takes a lot of hard work and commitment. Here is why. Learners first face the hurdle of complicated working schedules. Remember, they must mix education and recreation for them to thrive.

Also, the students must adhere to strict submission deadlines. Working under such conditions, therefore, exposes learners to a lot of pressure. However, there is an escape. Corporations that write papers for money shoulder the burden. They work on the complicated pieces around the clock and deliver the output on time. Heck, they are that good!

  • To Write Papers For Money But Still Deliver Quality Output

Content mills push papers to make money. However, the best always delivers quality. That said, you can learn how to craft the best pieces fast by investigating how the gurus do their thing. 

Moreover, as you will come to realize, the professionals write only after research. They then edit the pieces to eliminate grammar, spelling, and fluff from the content. Above all, they use the latest editing tools to get the job done. 

  • To Quote Sources

Are you familiar with the most recent copyright laws? They may save you from prosecution when you deliver plagiarized work. Anyway, it is always good that you provide original content.

Better still, you can quote sources. In a nutshell, the agents that write papers for money follow the above strategy. Therefore, you should follow suit. 


Writing an essay is an uphill task. Anyway, you can deliver pure gold when you devote your time and energy to excellence. However, even better is that you can use the strategies outlined above to achieve greatness. Above all, you can work with the best content mills in your region to ensure you grasp their most valued skills.

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Grants for the Translation of World Literature into English

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Let’s be fair, book lovers would be devastated without book translations. There’s so much beautiful literature in the world that it’s hard to grasp all of it. One portal towards accessing the different worlds of literature is through translation – it helps you understand a work of literature and bring you closer to it.

But in order to make translations possible, money is needed. Translators are not the cheapest workers to get and, not to mention, their job is not that easy either. That’s why grants are such a good thing – they offer grants so the translation of literature into various languages is possible.

What Makes Literary Translation so Important

Translation of literature has been around for a very long time. It is what gave people many opportunities, helping them with:

  • Education

Many educative books are written by foreign authors. So, if people do not understand what they say, their access to information is limited. This is why translation is of such value – it allows people to inform themselves on various matters and become more educated.

  • World Understanding

Related to the education point would also be the world understanding aspect. Data about the world, the thought process of previous generations and so on are preserved in books all over the world. History, politics, philosophy and so on are all in literature, and since so many countries have such literary creations, it’s important to make the information available in English too. Translators have made this possible.

  • Literature Enjoyment

Literature doesn’t only educate, but it also makes us feel better and enjoy the complexity of a fictional world, character, as well as the imagination of an author. There are such authors all over the world, so it’s important to make it possible for English readers to understand books from a foreign country too.

Grants for Translation of World Literature into English – Programs that Offer Them

Here are some programs that offer grants for translating literature from all over the world:

  • PEN

One such program is PEN, which is a program in the UK. If you’re a UK-based publisher, you can make a submission for translation grants here. You can do it regardless of the language you want the translation to be from. A big percentage of the accepted submissions will be funded for translation, so it would be a big advantage for you.

PEN works under the belief that literature is the “currency between nations”, and they make it their mission to ensure that UK residents have access to beautiful creations.

The grants program is called PEN Translates, which is able to ensure that translated literature can be provided, while translators are getting the right payment. They pretty much offer awards for books of courage and merits too.

  • NEA

NEA, or the National Endowment for the Arts, is an agency that wants to promote arts by supporting and funding them, all for the Americans. This will expand the people’s horizons by giving them access to a vast majority of literary creation.

Just back in 2018, NEA has made an announcement that $325,000 in grants will be offered for translating world literature into English. They understood the importance of giving people access to works from all over the world, which is why such a big sum has been awarded. The money has been awarded to 25 translators, so they can work on translating stories from 17 foreign countries.

NEA has been operating for decades, and since 1981, it’s known to have awarded 480 fellowships to 425 literary translators. As such, translations came in 69 languages, and from 83 countries of the world.

Can You Apply for Translation Grants?

Yes, application for translation grants is available if you’re a publisher. However, you need to keep in mind that there’s no guarantee a grant will actually be awarded. There are a few things to keep in mind when you want to do so.

First of all, you need to know that some programs will translate a project as long as it’s in progress, but they may not do so during the final stages of its production.

At the same time, when you apply for a grant, you need to ensure that the literary creation is of high-quality, and can bring something to the English-speaking audience. If it’s something that will not be of much value to them, the chances of receiving a grant are low. 

Final Thoughts

Literature is one of the beautiful aspects of the world, so if you know creations that could be of help to English speakers, you might get a grant for submitting the translation. Just make sure you fit the requirements, and that you check the specific program’s policies prior to doing so. Not to mention, you should find the best translation site too, so do a lot of research if you want to be victorious.

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Should You Buy or Write Your Research Paper?

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Creating a research paper is perhaps the most challenging part of your academic life. It’s usually given at the end of the semester. For many professors, this paper can either make or break your grades.

That’s why many students dread the day they have to make a paper. But while they do, they can’t help but toil the days away to pass and hope it can save their college life.

Unfortunately, there are so many things that can distract us. From our social life to school activities to other school works. With that, many are tempted to get the help of a paper writing service.

Is this the right idea?

What are Paper Writing Services?

Paper writing services are companies and sites where anyone can get academic articles. They have a team of academic writers who specialize in a particular subject. These writers are normally industry experts who know about a specific niche.

If you get the help of these services, you have to pay a writer to write your research paper. Some places sell ready-made papers.

These “write my research paper for me” types of services have become popular now. But is it legal and safe? How can you ensure the work is free from plagiarism that can endanger your grades?

Most of all, should you just buy your research paper? Or is it better to write one despite all the other hard things you have to do?

Pros and Cons of Buying a Research Paper

There are some instances wherein whether you want to work on something, you can’t. It’s either because you got sick. Or perhaps you have other things to work on that have nearer deadlines. By the time you are free to write your research paper, your time is almost up.

That said, getting an academic writer to write your papers for you seem like the best idea. But before you decide, here are the pros and cons of choosing these services.


The first advantage is that you don’t have to do your research paper at all. That means you have more time to do other things on your pile of work. You can focus on that exam you’re trying to ace. Or you can finish other projects and homework on subjects you’re failing.

And if you’re in college, any of these things are most likely true.

Besides more time, you also have one less problem and a little peace of mind. The fewer worries you have, the better you can do the tasks you have to complete. Stress and anxiety aren’t exactly good for the health as well.

Another advantage you have is that you have a professional doing your work. These writers are chosen from many applicants because of their skills. If you choose the best place, you can guarantee your paper is of the best quality. It’s well-written and well-researched.

They have likely written a whole lot of research papers before. They’re already familiar with the structure and how best to approach it.

Since they don’t have anything else to work on, they will dedicate time for your paper.

Moreover, these paper writing services don’t only write research papers. If you choose to write your paper, they can provide you with the best essays instead. Or they can review your works which include movie and book reviews and reaction papers.


But while there are good things, there are also bad ones.

First of all, you can’t be entirely sure that the services you get your paper from are legit. You need to do thorough checking. Double-check the terms and conditions. Ensure you get full property of the paper once you’ve bought it. It can’t be used by the writer to sell or publish.

Additionally, you might get in trouble. If the writer has plagiarized another book or journal, the blame goes to you. Your professor will definitely know whether the writer has done something like this. Since they believe it was your paper, you’ll be held accountable.

Now, if you said you bought your paper, you might also get another punishment.

Lastly, buying or having someone do your paper can be costly. It may depend on the length, level, and type of paper. But prepare to shell out some cash.

There’s also the tendency that you won’t get your paper at all. You thought the site was good, but you got scammed. Not only did you waste your money, but you’re also going to have to cram to make your paper.

All these are risks you have to take once you buy your paper from an online service. That’s why we recommend that you guarantee the place you go to is reliable. Check reviews, and if you can, find referrals.

Why You Should Write Your Paper

First things first, buying a paper should only be a last resort. We recommend that you write your paper. The thing is, some people abuse this choice.

Instead of working on their papers and essays, they buy them instead. But they don’t do it because they have no time. They just want to procrastinate and attend frat and sorority parties. If you think about it, these types of services are beneficial to them.

Unfortunately, the kind of “benefit” they get isn’t actually good for them.

That’s why we also urge you to write your paper. If you start early and divide the job, it won’t be as time consuming and stressful. You have more certainty that you can pass a paper even on the deadline itself.

You also have that peace of mind knowing you did everything on your own. Plus, you can assure no plagiarism that happened. Most of all, you didn’t have to spend money.


Research papers are a way for your professor to gauge how well you’ve developed, academically. Once you get a good grade, it’s because you actually worked hard to get it. You’ll feel a lot more satisfied with the results.

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